George Orwell was the pseudonym of Eric Arthur Blair (1903-50), novelist, essayist and journalist. Orwell was joined the Imperial Police in Bengal and educated in England. In 1922 he joined the Imperial Police in Burma (now Myanmar), serving for five years before his mounting dislike of Imperialism induced him to resign. He returned to a series of ill-paid jobs in Paris, then London, living in fairly severe poverty before becoming a regular contributor to The Adelphi from 1930. His first book, Down and Out in Paris and London (1933) described these early experiences and was followed by Burmese Days (1934), a novel which reflected his indignation over political injustice.
However, Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949) have remained his most popular works. George Orwell died of tuberculosis.
1984 has come and gone, but George Orwell’s prophetic, nightmarish vision in 1949 of the world we were becoming timelier than ever. 1984 is still the great modern classic of "negative utopia"—a startlingly original and haunting novel that creates an imaginary world that is completely convincing, from the first sentence to the last four words. No one can deny the novel's hold on the imagination of whole generations, or the power of its admonitions—a power that seems to grow, not lessen, with the passage of time.